By Orlando Fals-Borda, Mohammad Anisur Rahman

Motion and data attracts on 20 years of expertise with the concepts and philosophy of Participatory Action-Research (PAR). PAR is an leading edge method of fiscal and social swap, which works past ordinary institutional limitations in improvement by means of actively concerning the folks in producing wisdom approximately their very own and the way it may be replaced. PAR calls for a powerful dedication through partaking social scientists to deprofessionalize their services and percentage it with the folk, whereas spotting that the groups at once concerned have the serious voice in choosing the course and targets of swap as topics instead of gadgets. PAR has its origins within the paintings of 3rd international social scientists greater than 3 many years in the past as they introduced new how one can empower the oppressed by means of assisting them to obtain trustworthy wisdom on which to build countervailing strength. It has considering unfold during the international, as mirrored during this publication with contributions from Asia, Africa Latin the US and North the United States within the kind of case reports of tangible event with the PAR technique. PAR isn't static and glued yet dynamic and enduring, because the case reports and the theoretical chapters that precede and keep on with the case reports amply display.

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2 Another purpose is to continue to stimulate and support people's movements for progress and socioeconomic justice, and to facilitate their transition into the political arena (Fals-Borda 1989). The Present Significance of PAR Is PAR needed today in our societies as much as it appeared to us to be twenty years ago? Within the limitations of all natural processes and known social movements that undergo the birthelan-death cycle, the answer is Yes, provided we also see PAR as a bridge toward more satisfying forms of explanation of realities and of action to transform those realities.

Expansion of the sugar economy brought to the region both agricultural development and rural underdevelopment, growth of the gross regional product and a decreasing standard of living, and prosperity for the few and impoverishment for the majority. The runaway slaves' struggles for freedom, and their peasant descendants' struggles for land, find continuity in the presentday population's efforts to reaffirm their autonomy by articulating their own thinking-concepts rooted in their history-as a hame of reference for new organizational forms that uphold their right to public service and defend their communities from monopoly capital.

In short, it is a philosophy of life as much as a method. This philosophical, ethical and methodological choice is a permanent task. Moreover, it should be made more general: a committed PAR researcher/activist would not want to help those oligarchical classes that have accumulated capital, power and knowledge thus far and so recklessly. These classes themselves know that they have mismanaged such resources for 30 Action and Knowledge society, culture and nature by advocating and inventing exploitative and oppressive structures.

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