By Toyin Falola, Matthew M. Heaton

Nigeria is Africa's so much populous state and the world's 8th greatest oil manufacturer, yet its good fortune has been undermined in contemporary a long time by means of ethnic and non secular clash, political instability, rampant professional corruption and an sick economic climate. Toyin Falola, a number one historian in detail conversant in the sector, and Matthew Heaton, who has labored greatly on African technological know-how and tradition, mix their services to provide an explanation for the context to Nigeria's fresh issues via an exploration of its pre-colonial and colonial prior, and its trip from independence to statehood. by way of reading key issues similar to colonialism, faith, slavery, nationalism and the economic climate, the authors convey how Nigeria's background has been swayed through the vicissitudes of the area round it, and the way Nigerians have tailored to fulfill those demanding situations. This e-book deals a special portrayal of a resilient humans dwelling in a rustic with huge, yet unrealized, power.

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Despite the superficial triumph of this accomplishment, there is no reason to see the transfer of power as a turning point in Nigeria’s fortunes. The elections themselves were marred by controversy, and many of the problems that have negatively affected Nigerians in previous decades remain unresolved. Religion and ethnicity are still strong dividing lines between people; the average Nigerian is still mired in extreme poverty despite the country’s immense oil wealth; and the political class is still more concerned with solidifying its own power than with governing democratically in the best interests of the majority of the population.

Goats, guinea fowl, snails, and eggs have been major protein sources and items of trade as well. In coastal communities, fishing has been a major economic activity. Agriculture remains the main activity of the rural population; however, the contribution of agriculture as a percentage of GDP has declined since the expansion of the oil economy in the 1970s. Another major natural resource of Nigeria is its abundant labor force. Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa. 2 Throughout history, the labor and ingenuity of Nigerians themselves have been the primary driving force of the economy.

Fela contested the 1983 presidential election, but lost to incumbent Shehu Shagari. Fela died of complications related to AIDS in 1997. Ransome-Kuti, Chief Olufunmilayo (1900–78) Born in Abeokuta, Mrs. Ransome-Kuti left Nigeria in 1920 to study music and domestic science at Wincham Hall College in Manchester in the United Kingdom. She returned to Nigeria and became a teacher in Abeokuta, where she began to found several women’s organizations. These organizations later merged to become the Egba Women’s Union and, later, the Abeokuta Women’s Union.

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