By A.J. Larner

While so much textbooks of neurology process the topic from both a symptomatic or a diagnostic perspective, this dictionary makes a speciality of the various neurological symptoms that could be elicited via history-taking and actual exam. greater than six hundred dependent and cross-referenced definitions are supplemented, the place applicable, with the neuroanatomical and neurophysiological foundation of every signal. for this reason the Read more...

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Stroke 1993; 24: 1625-30 [Cross References: ABULIA; AKINETIC MUTISM; DEMENTIA; FRONTAL LOBE SYNDROMES] Aphasia Aphasia, or dysphasia, is an acquired loss or impairment of language (as opposed to speech) function. Language may be defined as the complex system of symbols used for communication (including reading and writing), encompassing various linguistic components (viz. phonology, semantic/lexical, syntax), all of which are dependent on dominant hemisphere integrity. Non-linguistic components of language (emotion, inflection, cadence), collectively known as prosody, may have contributions from both hemispheres.

Neurology in Clinical Practice: Principles of Diagnosis and Management. Boston: Butterworth-Heinemann 2000 (3rd edition): 309-17 [Cross References: ALIEN LIMB; ASYNERGIA; BALINT’S SYNDROME; CEREBELLAR SYNDROMES; DYSARTHRIA; DYSDIADOCHOKINESIA; DYSMETRIA; HEAD TREMOR; HEMIATAXIA; HYPOTONIA; MACROGRAPHIA; NYSTAGMUS; OPTIC ATAXIA; PROPRIOCEPTION; PSEUDOATHETOSIS; REBOUND PHENOMENON; ROMBERGISM, ROMBERG’S SIGN; SACCADIC INTRUSION; SCANNING SPEECH; SQUARE-WAVE JERKS; TREMOR] Ataxic Hemiparesis Ataxic hemiparesis is a syndrome of ipsilateral hemiataxia and hemiparesis, the latter affecting the leg more severely (crural paresis); there may be additional dysarthria, nystagmus, and paraesthesia.

E. e. aphasias). They usually reflect damage in the left frontal operculum, but sparing Broca’s area. - 23 - Aphonia Apraxia Lecours AR, Lhermitte F. The “pure” form of the phonetic disintegration syndrome (pure anarthria): anatomo-clinical report of a single case. Brain and Language 1976; 3:88-113. Schiff HB, Alexander MP, Naeser MA, Galaburda AM. Aphemia: clinicalanatomic correlations. Archives of Neurology 1983; 40: 720-7 [Cross References: ANARTHRIA; APHASIA; DYSARTHRIA; DYSPROSODY; SPEECH APRAXIA] Aphonia Aphonia is loss of the sound of the voice, necessitating mouthing or whispering of words.

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