By E. Anderson

Drawing on countless numbers of interviews with 15-22 12 months outdated directly and homosexual male athletes in either the us and the uk, this e-book explores how jocks have redefined heterosexuality, and not worry being idea homosexual for behaviors that restricted males of the former new release.

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Additional info for 21st Century Jocks: Sporting Men and Contemporary Heterosexuality

Sample text

This is because the same industrial technologies that brought capitalism also meant that fewer farmers were required to produce the necessary crops to feed a growing population. With production capacity rising, and crop prices falling, families were not only drawn to the cities by the allure of a stable wage and the possibility of class mobility, but were equally repelled by an increasingly difficult agrarian labor market and the inability to own land (Cancian 1986). For all the manifestations of physical horror that was factory life before labor laws, there were many advantages, too.

This scapegoating of homosexuality revitalized Freud’s explanation of men’s homosexuality as the product of an absent father figure, finding renewed emphasis in the 1980s. The “men’s movement” of the AIDS era was a way for men to distance themselves from what one was not to be. It was as if muscular Christianity were revived. This time, however, Americans (in particular) had more than just a religious reason to “prevent” homosexuality—it was now epidemiological. 4 per cent in 1988 (Loftus 2001).

I made my Lincoln-as-gay analysis based on my own experiences, something historians call presentism. I only started to undo my biased opinion when I started to understand the behaviors of young male athletes who share beds today. The fact that Lincoln was able to share a bed in the 1840s without being thought gay, but boys were not able to share beds in the 1980s without being thought gay, raises an important question. Were men not equally as homophobic in Lincoln’s era? The answer to this is, in short, yes, but they also did not readily believe that one could be gay.

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